Courses Structure

Students have to pass the exams in all 83 modules (76 courses and 7 Clinical Traineeships) with a sum of 360 ECTS units. Semester duration: 15 weeks, 1 ECTS unit = 28 hours workload.

Overview

1st Semester
Introduction to Basic Medical Sciences
CodeTitleECTS
MD1001Medical Biology7
MD1002Medical Physics5
MD1003General Anatomy3
MD1004General Biochemistry6
MD1005Introduction to Clinical Skills and Practice3
MD1006History of Medicine2
MD1007Greek Language I4
2nd Semester
Basic Medical Sciences I
CodeTitleECTS
MD1008Medical Informatics 2
MD1009Anatomy I 7
MD10010General Histology 4
MD10011Biochemistry I6
MD10012General Physiology 5
MD10013English Medical Terminology2
MD10014Greek Language II4

3rd Semester
Basic Medical Sciences II
CodeTitleECTS
MD10015Medical Statistics 5
MD10016Communication with Patient 2
MD10017Anatomy II 8
MD10018Specified Histology 4
MD10019Biochemistry II 5
MD10020Physiology I 5
MD10021Greek Language III4
4th Semester
Basic Medical Sciences III
CodeTitleECTS
MD10022Medical Genetics 3
MD10023Basic Clinical Skills 2
MD10024Anatomy III 7
MD10025Embryology 6
MD10026Clinical Biochemistry 3
MD10027Physiology II 5
MD10028Greek Language IV4

5th Semester
Clinical Medicine I
CodeTitleECTS
MD10029General Pathology 6
MD10030Radiology 3
MD10031Introduction to Pharmacology 4
MD10032Microbiology I 3
MD10033Mental Health 2
MD10034Introduction to Clinical Typology (Internal Medicine, Surgery and Pediatrics)6
MD10035Greek Medical Terminology Ι2
MD10036Greek Language V4
6th Semester
Clinical Medicine II and Public Health
CodeTitleECTS
MD10037Dermatology 3
MD10038Ophthalmology 3
MD10039Otorhinolaryngology 3
MD10040Hygiene - Public Health 3
MD10041Social Medicine - Epidemiology 3
MD10042Pathological Physiology 4
MD10043Microbiology II 3
MD10044Greek Language VI 4
MD10073Pharmacology*1
MD10074Biopathology*1
MD10075Systemic Pathology*1
MD10076Radiology-Nuclear Medicine*1

7th Semester
Clinical Medicine III and IV
CodeTitleECTS
MD10045Cardiology 4
MD10046Cardiothoracic Surgery 3
MD10047Pulmonary Medicine 4
MD10048Psychiatry I 3
MD10049Psychiatry of Child and Adolescent 2
MD10050Neurology I 4
MD10051Neurosurgery 2
MD10052Medical Law and Ethics 2
MD10053Greek Medical Terminology ΙΙ 2
MD10073Pharmacology*1
MD10074Biopathology*1
MD10075Systemic Pathology*1
MD10076Radiology-Nuclear Medicine*1
8th Semester
Clinical Medicine V and VI
CodeTitleECTS
MD10054Internal Medicine I 9
MD10055Surgery I9
MD10056Vascular Surgery 2
MD10057Plastic Surgery 2
MD10058Evidence Based Medicine 2
MD10073Pharmacology*1
MD10074Biopathology*1
MD10075Systemic Pathology*3
MD10076Radiology-Nuclear Medicine*1

9th Semester
Clinical Medicine VII and Emergency Medicine – Traumatology
CodeTitleECTS
MD10059Obstetrics - Gynaecology I 8
MD10060Urology 4
MD10061Anaesthesiology 4
MD10062Orthopaedics 4
MD10063Emergency Medicine 2
MD10064Forensic Medicine and Toxicology 3
MD10073Pharmacology*1
MD10074Biopathology*1
MD10075Systemic Pathology*2
MD10076Radiology-Nuclear Medicine*1
10th Semester
Clinical Medicine VIII and IX
CodeTitleECTS
MD10065Clinical Immunology 3
MD10066Geriatrics 3
MD10067Clinical Pharmacology 2
MD10068Clinical Nutrition 2
MD10069Paediatrics I 8
MD10070Neonatology 3
MD10071Adolescence Medicine 2
MD10072Paediatric Surgery 3
MD10073Pharmacology*1
MD10074Biopathology*1
MD10075Systemic Pathology*2
MD10076Radiology-Nuclear Medicine*1

11th - 12th Semesters (Clinical Traineeship)
CodeTitleECTS
MD10077Internal Medicine II 18
MD10078Surgery II (and Neurosurgery) 18
MD10079Paediatrics II 9
MD10080Obstetrics - Gynaecology II 4
MD10081Neurology II 3
MD10082Psychiatry II 3
MD10083Primary Care Medicine & General Medicine 5

* Courses are taught from 6th semester to 10th semester, the ECTS are distributed in each semester, but one grade is issued. Sum ECTS for:
Pharmacology: 5 ECTS
Biopathology: 5 ECTS
Systemic Pathology: 8 ECTS
Radiology-Nuclear Medicine: 5 ECTS

Courses short descriptions

Click on each semester to see a short description of the courses.

Medical Biology (MD1001) 7 ECTS
Human evolution, DNA and chromosomes, DNA Replication-Repair-Recombination, Chromosomes and regulation of gene expression, Structure and function of proteins, From DNA to proteins, Intracellular compartments and transport, Cell communication/signaling, Structure of membranes, Membrane transport, Cell division, Cell-cycle control and cell death, Cytoskeleton, Tissues and cellular junctions, DNA technology, Stem cells, Cancer cell biology.

Medical Physics (MD1002) 5 ECTS
Classical Mechanics, Relativity, Quantum theory, Atomic Structure, Nuclear Structure, Radioactivity, Nuclear reactions, X Rays, Charged particle accelerators, Interactions of γ, X photons with matter, Interactions of charged particles with matter, Dosimetry of ionizing radiations, Dosimetry methods and instrumentation, Physical principles of Radiology, Physical principles of Nuclear Medicine, Physical principles of Radiotherapy, Radiobiology, Radiation Protection, Energy, Work and Heat, Physics of the Skeleton, Waves, Acoustics, Ultrasound, Geometrical Optics, Lasers, Basic Physical Properties of Liquids Flow, Basic Applications in Urodynamics, Transport through membranes and biological boundaries, Physical Properties of Gases, Electric Fields-Electrostatic Physics, Electric Current, Magnetism, Useful Bioelectric standards, Semiconductors-Electronics, Biomechanics, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance-Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Non-Ionizing Radiations, Theory for the Laboratory Exercises.

General Anatomy (MD1003) 3 ECTS
Goal is the acquisition of knowledge of the basic morphological characteristics of the human organ-systems, which is needed for the understanding of the human physiology, pathology and surgery. The anatomical terminology is particularly emphasized, with all the anatomical terms regarding relation, location, direction, comparison and kinesiology, of the parts and areas of the body as well as the landmarks of the human body.

General Biochemistry (MD1004) 6 ECTS
Metabolic fuels and dietary components, the fed or absorptive state, fasting, chemical bonds, structure of major compounds, entropy and laws of thermodynamics, protein structure (primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary), protein function, enzymes (basic principles and kinetics, catalysis strategies, regulation of enzyme activity), structure of nucleic acids, DNA synthesis, mutagenesis and DNA repair, DNA transcription, RNA modifications, translation, regulation of gene expression, use of recombinant DNA techniques in medicine.

Introduction to Clinical Skills and Practice (MD1005) 3 ECTS
Introduction to Healthcare Systems. Greek Healthcare System. Principles of Primary Health Care. The role of the General Practitioner/ Family Doctor in the Healthcare System. Health determinants. Health Needs Assessment. Basic Principles of Communication in Medical History. Active listening Techniques. Principles and techniques of feedback. Introduction to basic practical skills: Infection control (hand hygiene, gloving, prevention of bloodstream infections, safe waste disposal), Vital signs measurement (temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure, oxygen saturation), Injections (intradermal, intramuscular, subcutaneous), Basic Life Support and use of automatic external defibrillator (BLS-AED).

History of Medicine (MD1006) 2 ECTS
Understanding of the theocratic character of ancient medicine and of the supernatural causes of diseases. Knowledge of the evolution of the notions of health and disease and of the contribution of philosophy. Understanding of the importance of the Hippocratic medicine: beginning of medical rationalization, foundation of the “pathophysiological theory” based on the body. Understanding that the cause of the evolution of medicine during the Hellenistic period was the use of postmorted examination (Herophilus and Erasistratus). Study of the galenic contribution to the evolution of medicine. Familiarization with the first Byzantine hospitals and with Arabic medicine and its transmission to Spain. Understanding of the conditions prevailing in the West during the Middle Ages that lead to the regression of medicine. Acquaintance with the most important personalities – for medicine – of Renaissance. Understanding of the effect of the natural sciences on the evolution of medicine and study of the major discoveries of the 17th century. Knowledge of the influence of philosophy and of Linnaeus’ systematization to the development of new medical systems during the 18th century and study of the most important personalities and accomplishments. Understanding of the rapid evolution of medicine during the 19th century and acquaintance with the most important personalities and accomplishments. Study of the most important developments in medicine during the 20th century and understanding of their interaction. Acquaintance with the Εptanse medicine, the first scientific medicine of modern Greece and knowledge of the conditions under which the University of Athens was established. Understanding of the worldwide contribution of Greek doctors of the mainland or of the diaspora.

Greek Language I (MD1007) 4 ECTS

Medical Informatics (MD1008) 2 ECTS
Through lectures, technology demonstrations and laboratory exercises the students will learn to familiarize themselves with the use of computer systems for educational kai medical practice needs. They will also learn relevant terminology and the importance of computer networking. They will also be introduced to the concepts of different medical data types and medical images as well as the content and importance of biomedical data and data processing. Students will learn to describe in terms of algorithms and logical steps medical processes and problems. They will learn to seek valid and up-to-date medical information on the internet and through specialized medical knowledge databases. Students will learn to appreciate the importance of the patient electronic health record and its uses. Students will understand the role and importance of medical information flow and management in medical health information systems and telemedicine systems. Last, they will learn to dynamically use new technologies during their education.

Anatomy I (MD1009) 7 ECTS
During the lectures: Goal is the acquisition of basic anatomical knowledge in the areas of Osteology, Syndesmology and Myology, that will help the students understand the physiology, pathology and surgery of the human musculoskeletal system. The anatomical terminology is particularly emphasized, with all the anatomical terms regarding relation, location, direction, comparison and kinesiology, of the parts and areas of the body as well as the landmarks of the human body. During practical classes: Goal is the distinction and recognition onto the anatomical model and the dried human bones of the anatomical characteristics of the bones, ligaments, muscles and joints.

General Histology (MD1010) 4 ECTS
After completing the courses students will be able to know and microscopically recognize the different types of tissues and cells, their structure and their basic functions (methods for tissue processing and imaging, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, blood-haemopoiesis, cartilage, bone-osteogenesis, muscular tissue, nervous tissue-synapses, lymphatic tissue).

Biochemistry I (MD1011) 6 ECTS
After the successful completion of the course, students should know: the basic metabolic pathways of human metabolism, how each metabolic pathway is regulated, the role of basic metabolic pathways to the satisfaction of major nutritious human needs, how the basic metabolic pathways are correlated and interact with each other, understand how the basic metabolic pathways are correlated with major metabolic diseases.

General Physiology (MD1012) 5 ECTS
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to know the basic principles of human physiology, blood physiology, immune system, metabolism and nutrition.

English Medical Terminology (MD1013) 2 ECTS

Greek Language II (MD1014) 4 ECTS

Medical Statistics (MD1015) 2 ECTS
Description, presentation and summary data, measures of central location and dispersion, populations and samples, normal distribution, hypothesis testing, parametric tests of one sample, parametric tests of two samples, analysis of variance, association between two continuous variables, association of qualitative variables, non parametric tests, diagnostic testing, survival analysis

Communication with Patient (MD1016) 2 ECTS
Communication in clinical practice, history taking, adherence to guidelines, clinical cases, breaking bad news: The Spikes protocol, communication with children, applied communication skills, difficult patients, communication in healthcare teams, presentation of cases.

Anatomy II (MD1017) 8 ECTS
During the lectures: Knowledge of morphology and anatomical relations of organs and their systems. During the lectures: Study of terminology, origin, course, branching and distribution of vessels and nerves of the human body. During practical classes: Identification of the vessels, nerves, muscles and organs on the body.

Specified Histology (MD1018) 4 ECTS
Students after completing the courses would be able to know and recognize the organs of the body, their position in the systems, their function and the common pathological conditions. Also they will recognize with Electron Microscopy the ultrastructure of the organs in relation with their function and pathology.

Biochemistry II (MD1019) 5 ECTS
The aim of this course is the training in nucleic acid biochemistry and particularly on the biochemical mechanisms by which the genetic information is replicated and expressed. Also we focus on the teaching of the biochemical and molecular basis of the immune system, sensory organs, and certain other tissues as well as the teaching of the biochemical basis of the respective diseases.

Physiology I (MD1020) 5 ECTS
Knowledge of the physiological mechanisms and regulation of circulatory, urinary and respiratory system of the human body.

Greek Language III (MD1021) 4 ECTS

Medical Genetics (MD1022) 3 ECTS
The human genome: structure and function of genes and chromosomes, Tools of human molecular genetics, Principles of clinical cytogenetics, Clinical cytogenetics, Patterns of single-gene inheritance, Genetics of disorders with complex inheritance, Mutation and polymorphism, Gene mapping of human genome, Hemoglobinopahties, The molecular, biochemical and cellular basis of genetic disease, The treatment of genetic disease, Genetic aspects of development, Prenatal diagnosis, Genetic and cancer, Personalized medical genetics, Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics, Genetic counseling and risk assessment.

Basic Clinical Skills (MD1023) 2 ECTS
Care Levels (Primary Health Care, Secondary and Tertiary Care), Principles of “Good Medical Practice”, Basic Principles of Healthcare Teamwork, Health Education and Promotion, Levels of prevention, Vaccines for Healthcare Workers – “Flu” Vaccine. Medical history taking and writing (with emphasis on present disease investigation) through selected scenarios. Communication with people with disabilities. Introduction to clinical examination. Intimate examination (e.g. digital rectal examination). Technical skills: Venipuncture (fluid administration, blood sampling), Injections (intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous), Male and female bladder catheterization, Wound dressing and suturing, Airway management, Electrocardiogram technique.

Anatomy III (MD1024) 7 ECTS
Knowledge of the anatomy of the Central Nervous System (CNS), which includes the brain and the spinal cord as well as the sensory organs, which is required for the understanding of Clinical Neurology, Neurosurgery, Clinical Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology . Goals during lectures: Detailed knowledge of the terminology, morphology and anatomical relations of the enclosed parts and function of the anatomical landmarks of the CNS. Theoretical classes: Knowledge of the basic morphological characteristics of the CNS and of the sensory organs. Goals during Practical classes: Recognition and distinction of vessels, nerves and the anatomical landmarks of the CNS and of the sensory organs onto the human body.

Embryology (MD1025) 6 ECTS
Students will know the stages of embryonic development, starting from the gametes until the delivery of the baby. Emphasis is placed on diagnostic methods of imaging fetal development, on monitoring development based on milestones, on the causes of congenital abnormalities formation, on placental growth and function. The development and formation of organs and systems, in addition to their most common congenital anomalies are studied.

Clinical Biochemistry (MD1026) 3 ECTS
Methods of Analysis in Clinical Biochemistry – Biochemical Data and their Clinical Evaluation – Clinical Laboratory Study and Evaluation of Bibliographic Data – Assessment of Renal Function – Calcium Metabolism – Free Radicals – Diabetes- Obesity- Lipids and Atherosclerosis – Serum Proteins and other Biological Liquids – protein disorders associated with the immune system-Hepatic Function – Hemoglobinopathies and Enzymes causing hemolytic anemia – Disorders of heme and iron metabolism- Hemostasis and coagulation disorders – Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones – Thyroid and adrenal hormones – Reproductive and pregnancy hormons- Molecular diagnosis of genetic diseases – Biochemical markers of cancer and other specific diseases – Molecular diagnosis of cancer.

Physiology II (MD1027) 5 ECTS
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to know the physiological function of nervous, digestive and endocrine system of the human body.

Greek Language IV (MD1028) 4 ECTS

General Pathology (MD1029) 6 ECTS
What is a disease (causes and mechanisms), defence against disease (the role of epidemiology in disease, the body response to infection, the acute inflammatory response, chronic and gramulomatous inflammation, healing and repair, the immune defence against infection), circulatory disorders (features of circulatory disorders, vascular occlusion and thrombosis, atherosclerosis and hypertension, circulatory failure), cell growth and its disorders (benign grown disorders, malignant neoplasms, what causes cancer, molecular genetics of cancer, the behavior of tumors, the clinical effects of tumors).

Radiology (MD1030) 3 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic technical aspects and image formation in radiology. Knowledge of the principles of radiation biology and radiation protection. Understand the factors influencing image quality and dose in diagnostic radiology. Understand the role, indications and adverse effects of contrast media used in Radiology. Knowledge of cross-sectional radiological anatomy (CT, MRI, US). Comprehend how to analyze imaging findings from radiological examinations. (In accordance with the curriculum for undergraduate radiological education of the ESR – European Society of Radiology).

Introduction to Pharmacology (MD1031) 4 ECTS
Upon successfully completing the course, students will be able to, have a clear understanding of the basic principles of Pharmacology with respect to pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics in the human organism, understand the mechanisms of drug actions and drug-drug interactions, understand the effect of exogenous and endogenous factors on the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, use the basic principles of Pharmacology to acquire a working knowledge of the properties of individual drugs to be learned in Systemic Pharmacology.

Microbiology I (MD1032) 3 ECTS
The goal of the course is a thorough understanding of the most important bacteria that cause infections in humans as well as their microbiological diagnosis. Moreover, the objectives of the course include the introduction to the basic principles of immunology and immune response to bacterial infections.

Mental Health (MD1033) 2 ECTS
The concept of Mental Health, the importance of Mental Health in achieving and sustaining health, social components of Mental Health, the bio-psycho-social model of health, factors promoting and sustaining Mental Health, factors with negative impact on Mental Health, Mental Health problems, basic forms of Mental Health Disorders, Mental Health and cultural setting, basic priciples coping Mental Health problems, social – community approaching to Mental Health, Mental Health services.

Introduction to Clinical Typology (Internal Medicine, Surgery and Pediatrics) (MD1034) 6 ECTS
Introduction to clinical examination and diagnosis, Medical history, Basic knowledge of clinical findings in disease condition, Physician – patient communication, Detailed medical history – Current disease, personal and family history, Clinical examination of each system, Recognition of normal clinical findings of each system, Recognition of abnormal clinical findings of each system, Specifics in Internal Medicine, Surgery, Paediatrics

Greek Medical Terminology Ι (MD1035) 2 ECTS

Greek Language V (MD1036) 4 ECTS

Dermatology (MD1037) 3 ECTS
Upon successfully completing the course, students will know the normal skin and sex skin diseases, benign and malignant tumors of the skin. Teaching focuses in reasoning, epidemiology, clinical, prognosis- development and elements therapeutic. Teaching includes theoretical instruction and compulsory exercise in outpatients department of Dermatology Clinic. The theoretical course presents and analyzes many pictures of skin diseases. During the course in outpatient Dermatology Clinic students are able to see, ask and discuss patients incidents.

Ophthalmology (MD1038) 3 ECTS
Introduction to Ophthalmology, elements functional anatomy and histology, physiological mechanisms institution orasis. Required diagnostic and therapeutic skills in frequent ophthalmic diseases like ocular surface diseases, cataract, strabismus, uveitis, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, retinal detachment and optic nerve diseases. Clinical Practice: (30 practical skills) in subjective testing methods and research methodology in ophthalmology history and ophthalmoscopy in ophthalmic nursing on testing methods, in daily ophthalmological practice in ophthalmology, methods and approaches in differential diagnosis.

Otorhinolaryngology (MD1039) 3 ECTS
Learning the basic everyday ENT – Head & Neck diseases. 2. Linking the ENT knowledge with other medical specialties, such as Neurology, Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology, Internal Medicine, Dermatology and Pediatrics. 3. The ability for the student, prospective graduate of medicine, to perform a thorough basic ENT examination. 4. The transmission of practical actions and skills acquisition to the students for the management of everyday ENT diseases and emergency cases. 5. The sensitization of students to medical issues, such as head & neck cancer, childhood deafness, and others which have essential social implications, in order to achieve the early diagnosis and the right direction of the patients. 6. The transmission and acquisition of encyclopedic knowledge in the whole field of ENT and contemporary methods for treating ENT diseases.

Hygiene – Public Health (MD1040) 3 ECTS
Nutrition, Principles of Dietary Assessment, Food Hygiene, Epidemic explosion, Food safety, Emerging Environmental microorganisms and Infections, Water Hygiene, Domestic and Industrial wastes and Pollutants, Air Pollution, Global Environmental Issues, Indoor air pollution and hygiene, Natural Disasters, Travel Medicine, Travelers’ Diarrhea, Travel Medicine: Hepatitis A and B, Industrial Hygiene, Current topics of Occupational Hygiene, Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control

Social Medicine – Epidemiology (MD1041) 3 ECTS
Introduction to preventive medicine, Research designs and issues in epidemiology, Planning for health improvement, Cancer Epidemiology and prevention, Cancer by tissue of origin, Infectious disease epidemiology, Epidemiology and prevention of specific infections, Epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular disease, Accident and injury epidemiology, Tobacco, Alcohol abuse, .Demography, Family planning programmes, contraception, Inequities in health

Pathological Physiology (MD1042) 4 ECTS
Physiology and abnormal function of organs and systems are discussed. The mechanisms underlying common diseases and the procedures inside the human body leading to pathologic conditions are described. The following chapters are individually presented and discussed. Defense mechanisms, Immunity. HLA system, connective tissue and joint diseases. Hemopoiesis, hemostasis. Breathing disorders and lung diseases. Kidneys: glomerular, tubular disorders. Fluid and electrolyte disorders. Disorders of the oesophagus, stomach, bowel, pancreas, liver and biliary tract. Heart: EKG, coronary heart disease, abnormalities of the cardiac valves, heart failure. Arterial hypertension. Endocrine system: Thyroid abnormalities, adrenal glands, bone diseases. Metabolic disorders, obesity, diabetes mellitus.

Microbiology II (MD1043) 3 ECTS
The goals of the course is a thorough understanding of the most important viruses, parasites and fungi that cause infections in humans as well as their laboratory diagnosis.

Greek Language VI (MD1044) 4 ECTS

Pharmacology (MD1073) 1 ECTS
Antimicrobial chemotherapeutic drugs (antibiotics, antiviral drugs, antifungal drugs, antiprotozoal drugs, antihelminthic drugs), Dermatologic drugs (principles of skin pharmacotherapy, topical preparations, antimicrobials, ectoparasiticides, acne drugs, antiinflammatory drugs, immunomodulatory drugs, antipsoriasic drugs, keratolytic drugs, sunscreens, others), Ophthalmologic drugs (collyriums, glaucoma drugs, others).

Biopathology (MD1074) 1 ECTS
The objectives of the course are the preliminary contact of the student with the wide range of applied laboratory medicine, as practiced in our country within the limits of the medical specialty of Medical Biopathology. The aim is to familiarize and understand the potential of laboratory approach to diagnosis and monitoring, at least of the main clinical situations, as well as the important contribution of the medical laboratory to the identification and documentation of the disease and the therapeutic intervention. Also, to show the need for rational use and good practice, as well as for continuous evaluation of laboratory results and applied procedures.

Systemic Pathology (MD1075) 1 ECTS
Study of the morphological changes that develop in tissues and organs by system, as well as epidemiological data, pathogenetic mechanisms, predictive and prognostic factors for pathologic conditions and neoplasms. Hematopoietic and lymphatic system, Upper respiratory system and Lungs, Heart, Kidneys and lower urinary tract, Oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, Liver and biliary tract, Pancreas, Male genital system, Female genital system, Breasts, Endocrine system, Musculoskeletal system, Skin, Nervous system.

Radiology-Nuclear Medicine (MD1076) 1 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic indications, advantages and disadvantages of the diagnostic and interventional imaging techniques in reference to system/organ pathologies. Understanding of the principles of images interpretation. Knowledge of the typical imaging findings from the various imaging modalities (radiography, ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and Nuclear Medicine techniques) of the most common diseases (on a system/organ basis). Apprehension of the role of imaging diagnostic algorithms in the era of precision medicine.

Cardiology (MD1045) 4 ECTS
After the conclusion of the curriculum, students will be capable of clinically assessing patients with cardiovascular disease, as well as interpreting basic level laboratory results. The education of the students on cardiovascular diseases , their familiarization with the clinical and preclinical diagnostic methods, with the treatments applied and with research. Theoretical teaching. History and physical examination , differential diagnosis in Cardiology. Electrocardiogra . Heart failure. Unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction. Stable angina. Coronary angiography indications. Atherosclerosis. Arterial hypertension. Arrhythmias and antiarrhythmic drugs. Cardiac arrest – Sudden death. Sinus Disease – AV conduction disorders. Pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis. Cardiomyopathies. Diseases of the mitral and aortic valve. Congenital Heart Diseases. Practical Training in: obtaining history – physical examination – semiotics, clinical approach – diagnosis – treatment of angina, operation of the intensive coronary disease care unit – Management of acute myocardial infarction and acute cardiology incidents in general – thrombolysis, valvular diseases, diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias, endocarditis – myocarditis- cardiomyopathy, clinical approach – diagnosis – treatment of heart failure, introduction to noninvasive diagnostic methods to introduction to coronary angiography.

Cardiothoracic Surgery (MD1046) 3 ECTS
Students after successfully attending the course will be able to, understand in depth the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory system, complete the diagnostic workup of a patient with severe coronary artery disease, heart valve disease or lung cancer referred for surgical management, perform a proper clinical examination of a cardiothoracic patient during the pre- and postoperative period, understand the indications for surgical management of coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease and lung cancer, understand the basic principles of extracorporeal circulation, observe the most common major cardiothoracic procedures, such as coronary artery bypass grafting, valve repair or replacement, ascending aorta replacement, lung resections, mediastinal surgery etc., gain experience in patients’ monitoring at the Cardiothoracic Intensive Care Unit.

Pulmonary Medicine (MD1047) 4 ECTS
Related to respiratory diseases (COPD, bronchial asthma, interstitial lung disease, lung cancer, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, occupational lung diseases, respiratory infections, respiratory failure, breathing in sleep, pulmonary circulation disorders) Respiratory Physiology clinical semiology imaging techniques functional assays confrontation Environment and lung smoking

Psychiatry I (MD1048) 3 ECTS
Personality development, mental state examination, anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders, adjustment disorders, affective disorders, schizophrenia, delusional and schizoaffective disorders, psychosomatics, organic mental disorders, substance addictions, alcoholism, personality disorders, eating disorders, psychoacoustics, psychiatric emergencies, social-community psychiatry, psychiatry of the child and adolescent, biological therapies, psychotherapies, psychometric evaluation of the mental patient.

Psychiatry of Child and Adolescent (MD1049) 2 ECTS
Pregnancy, birth, perinatality – Developmental process during childhood and adolescence – Autism and other developmental disorders – Mental deficiency – Childhood psychoses and psychotic disorders in adolescence – Affective disorders in childhood and adolescence – Learning and other specific developmental disorders – Enuresis, encoprisis – Eating disorders – Self harm and suicide attempts in adolescence – Neurotic disorders – Personality disorders – Psychosocial problems (child neglect and abuse, adoption) – Forensic Child and Adolescence Psychiatry – Therapeutic approaches and organization of Services.

Neurology I (MD1050) 4 ECTS
The course provides an integrated knowledge of the nervous system in physiological and pathological conditions. This knowledge derives from the study of anatomy and physiology of the nervous system as well as from the understanding of the pathophysilogical mechanisms of disease and their diagnosis and treatment. Lectures in the amphitheater include: introduction to Neurosciences (neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neu-rophysiology), localization in central and peripheral nervous system, introduction to diagnostic tools (electrophysiology, neuroimaging, CSF analysis)and diseases of the nervous system (stroke, epilepsy, degenerative diseases, demyelinating disorders, infections, tumors, diseases of muscles and nerves and neurological manifestations in systemic diseases).Clinical courses in the teaching room(theory) and practical training in the clinical wards (practice)include : history taking, understanding and performing a neurological examination and have a clinical to several neurological diseases.

Neurosurgery (MD1051) 2 ECTS
The aim of the lesson is to provide students the ability to acquire the basic principles of modern neurosurgery. Students are trained in the clinical presentation of the neurosurgical disorders, the interconnection between theoretical principles and practical application of them, as well as the neurosurgical treatment modalities. In addition, modern surgical techniques are presented. The results and considerations of therapeutic treatment are reported in the basic chapters of neurosurgery, which are vascular diseases of the central nervous system, craniocerebral injuries, spinal injuries, degenerative spine disorders, tumors of the central nervous system, hydrocephalus, diseases of the peripheral nerves, functional neurosurgery, pediatric neurosurgery.

Medical Law and Ethics (MD1052) 2 ECTS
The students should be capable of developing critical thinking informed by ethical analysis, and apply that thinking to comment on and critique the law’s role in regulating medicine, healthcare services, and research. They should be capable of identifying areas of law relevant to contemporary issues in the broad healthcare setting and build on the understanding of key values in medical law and ethics, such as autonomy, solidarity, justice, reciprocity, vulnerability, informed consent, confidentiality, human rights, etc. The students should be able to appreciate the international dimensions of medicine and its regulation, including the growing importance of European regulation and international agreements. In addition, the students should be able to appreciate the limits of law in discerning appropriate social responses to new medical and technical advances.

Greek Medical Terminology ΙΙ (MD1053) 2 ECTS

Pharmacology (MD1073) 1 ECTS
Cardiovascular system drugs (antidysrhythmic drugs, diuretics, antihypertensive drugs, antianginal drugs, drugs for heart failure, drugs for migraine, drugs affecting blood coagulation, antidyslipidemic drugs), Respiratory system drugs (drugs for allergic rhinitis, asthma, COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, others), CNS drugs (sedative-hypnotic drugs, antidepressant drugs, antipychotics, antiseizure drugs, stimulants, cannabinoids, opioids, cannabinoids, drugs of abuse and treatment of addiction, drugs for neurodegenerative diseases).

Biopathology (MD1074) 1 ECTS
The objectives of the course are the preliminary contact of the student with the wide range of applied laboratory medicine, as practiced in our country within the limits of the medical specialty of Medical Biopathology. The aim is to familiarize and understand the potential of laboratory approach to diagnosis and monitoring, at least of the main clinical situations, as well as the important contribution of the medical laboratory to the identification and documentation of the disease and the therapeutic intervention. Also, to show the need for rational use and good practice, as well as for continuous evaluation of laboratory results and applied procedures.

Systemic Pathology (MD1075) 1 ECTS
Study of the morphological changes that develop in tissues and organs by system, as well as epidemiological data, pathogenetic mechanisms, predictive and prognostic factors for pathologic conditions and neoplasms. Hematopoietic and lymphatic system, Upper respiratory system and Lungs, Heart, Kidneys and lower urinary tract, Oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, Liver and biliary tract, Pancreas, Male genital system, Female genital system, Breasts, Endocrine system, Musculoskeletal system, Skin, Nervous system.

Radiology-Nuclear Medicine (MD1076) 1 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic indications, advantages and disadvantages of the diagnostic and interventional imaging techniques in reference to system/organ pathologies. Understanding of the principles of images interpretation. Knowledge of the typical imaging findings from the various imaging modalities (radiography, ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and Nuclear Medicine techniques) of the most common diseases (on a system/organ basis). Apprehension of the role of imaging diagnostic algorithms in the era of precision medicine.

Internal Medicine I (MD1054) 9 ECTS
Immune deficiencies, Diabetes, Antiphospholipid syndrome, Multiple Myeloma, Anemia, Blood transfusion – events, Lymphomas, Chronic Leukemia, Hemostatic disorders-Thrombocytopenia-Diffuse intravascular coagulation, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Rheumatoid arthritis, Seronegative arthritis, Vasculitis, Scleroderma, Digestive Cancer, Biliary Disease – Pancreatitis, Diagnostic approach to the patient with acute diarrhea syndrome, Inflammatory bowel diseases, Coronary heart disease – Acute myocardial infarction, Heart failure, Asthma, Sleep Disorders, Acute respiratory failure, Laboratory evaluation of patients with hepatitis B or C, Respiratory infections, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Infections in immunosuppressed and secondary immunodeficiencies, Urinary Tract Infections, Electrolyte disturbances, Acid-base balance, Glomerulopathy – Kidney Syndrome, Interstitial kidney disease, Vascular Stroke, Acute – Chronic Kidney Failure, Endocarditis, Digestive tract infections, Fever of unknown etiology, Atrial Fibrillation, Primary and secondary hypertension, First care in A&E, Acute Leukemia-Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Pulmonary embolism, Hepatocellular cancer, Viral hepatitis, Autoimmune liver diseases, Liver cirrhosis-Induced hypertension-Hepatic insufficiency, Adrenal diseases, Hypothyroidism Thyroid Diseases

Surgery I (MD1055) 9 ECTS
The training of the student in the basic knowledge of surgery, the surgical approach to the patient, the clinical examination and history, preoperative preparation and postoperative care, nutrition and disorders of water and ilektrolyton.I diagnosis and the therapeutic approach surgical diseases and perform simple surgical skills. Objectives and expected results of clinical practice: Preparing students for entry into the main surgical conditions and simple surgical procedures. Course content – curriculum: Tumors and cysts cervical country Diseases Thyroid Diseases parathyroid glands, breast diseases, lung disease and mediastinal, diaphragmatic hernia, esophageal Surgical diseases, both benign and malignant diseases stomach-12daktylou, Surgical diseases small intestine, ileum Diseases anal-perineal, Biliary Diseases , tumors and other surgical liver diseases, spleen diseases, pancreatitis, pancreatic tumors, bleeding from the upper and lower digestive tract, Surgical diseases adrenal Polyendokrinika and neuroendocrine syndromes, peritonitis, intra-abdominal abscesses, acute surgical abdomen, shock, acid-base balance disorders, diseases peripheral vascular disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, Diseases upper mesenteric vascular thrombosis-pulmonary embolism, Renovascular hypertension, transplants, Facing multi-trauma, neoplasm of skin and soft tissue infections.

Vascular Surgery (MD1056) 2 ECTS
Students after completion of this course should have: understand the pathophysiology of vascular disease, learned the methods used for the diagnosis of vascular diseases and become aware of endovascular and surgical techniques used in vascular surgery.

Plastic Surgery (MD1057) 2 ECTS
Basic principles of Plastic Surgery, wound healing, burns, oncology of skin and soft tissue, free and pedicled tissues transfer, hand surgery, microsurgery, congenital malformations, aesthetic plastic surgery, post- mastectomy breast reconstruction, alternative reconstructive techniques (tissue cultures, artificial skin), implants, LASER surgery.

Evidence Based Medicine (MD1058) 2 ECTS
Following successful completion of the module, students will be able to, transform clinical questions into PICO questions, search for the best available primary and secondary evidence to address the PICO question, critically appraise evidence accrued for the PICO question set, priorities therapeutic choices or diagnostic strategies based on expected gain or harm, synthesize available therapeutic/diagnostic options with values and preferences of individual
Patients.

Pharmacology (MD1073) 1 ECTS
Disinfectants, antiseptics, Drugs for the treatment of anemias, Non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, endocrine system drugs excluding the sex hormone axis (hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid gland, adrenals), antidiabetic drugs, Principles of cancer chemotherapy.

Biopathology (MD1074) 1 ECTS
The objectives of the course are the preliminary contact of the student with the wide range of applied laboratory medicine, as practiced in our country within the limits of the medical specialty of Medical Biopathology. The aim is to familiarize and understand the potential of laboratory approach to diagnosis and monitoring, at least of the main clinical situations, as well as the important contribution of the medical laboratory to the identification and documentation of the disease and the therapeutic intervention. Also, to show the need for rational use and good practice, as well as for continuous evaluation of laboratory results and applied procedures.

Systemic Pathology (MD1075) 3 ECTS
Study of the morphological changes that develop in tissues and organs by system, as well as epidemiological data, pathogenetic mechanisms, predictive and prognostic factors for pathologic conditions and neoplasms. Hematopoietic and lymphatic system, Upper respiratory system and Lungs, Heart, Kidneys and lower urinary tract, Oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, Liver and biliary tract, Pancreas, Male genital system, Female genital system, Breasts, Endocrine system, Musculoskeletal system, Skin, Nervous system.

Radiology-Nuclear Medicine (MD1076) 1 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic indications, advantages and disadvantages of the diagnostic and interventional imaging techniques in reference to system/organ pathologies. Understanding of the principles of images interpretation. Knowledge of the typical imaging findings from the various imaging modalities (radiography, ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and Nuclear Medicine techniques) of the most common diseases (on a system/organ basis). Apprehension of the role of imaging diagnostic algorithms in the era of precision medicine.

Obstetrics – Gynaecology I (MD1059) 8 ECTS
The medical students to acquire the essential knowledged on basic issues of General Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fetal-Maternal Medicine and Assisted Reproduction, in order to be capable to identify, diagnose and provide treatment to women with relevant medical conditions and moreover to take appropriate action in cases of pregnant women towards the management of pregnancy and puerperium problems.

Urology (MD1060) 4 ECTS
Upon completion of teaching and clinical practice , the student should be able to identify the location of organs of the urinary and male genital tract on the body , take a basic urological history and apply basic methods of physical examination. Especially to perform a digital rectal examination and palpation of the scrotum, describe the necessary laboratory tests to check the function and dysfunction of the urinary tract and male genital tract, identify the organs of the urinary and male genital tract in imaging studies , particularly in ultrasonography, properly insert self-retaining bladder catheter (Foley) and to be aware of the potential difficulties and complications, recognize the urological and male genital emergencies (renal colic , testicular torsion , urosepsis etc. ) and suggest treatment options, present (under guidance) a simple urologic clinical case and to indicate the appropriate therapeutic options

Anaesthesiology (MD1061) 4 ECTS
The object of this course is to understand the methods and techniques for the perioperative management of the surgical patient. Upon successful completion of this course the students will be familiar with all the issues related with anesthesia such as: Applied Respiratory Physiology, Applied Cardiovascular Physiology, Usage of anesthetics and sedatives as well as of drugs acting on the cardiovascular and respiratory system, perioperative fluid and blood products administration. Upon completion of the skill stations/workshops students will be able to perform basic airway maneuvers and to ventilate patients. Moreover, it is possible for students that have demonstrated interest to apply all of the knowledge they perceived on patients in the operating theatres of university hospital AHEPA.

Orthopaedics (MD1062) 4 ECTS
The student becomes familiar of the way a patient with musculoskeletal injuries as well as other orthopaedic disorders, infection or tumors, must be approached. More specifically, the student learns the initial approach and treatment of an injured man, how to initially stabilize a fracture and estimate the urgent case. Also he gets familiar with chronic orthopaedic disorders and how to approach them clinically as well as by choosing the appropriate imaging examination and informing the patient about all the available treatment techniques.

Emergency Medicine (MD1063) 2 ECTS
The aim of the course is to prepare medical students to recognize emergencies, to discuss and to coordinate therapeutic attempts starting from the time of illness or injury and on, and completed with the transfer and treatment in the hospital. Emergency Medicine is the Department who deals with treating life-threatening situations in a limited time and with existing medical resources and the safe transportation of patients to the hospital. Injuries and trauma after road accidents requires urgent medical treatment and excellent transportation conditions.

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology (MD1064) 3 ECTS

Pharmacology (MD1073) 1 ECTS
Principles of perioperative pharmacology, muscle relaxants, anesthetic drugs (inhaled, intravenous, local), Gynecology and obstetrics drugs (drugs affecting ovulation, drugs acting on the myometrium, contraceptive drugs/ techniques, hypogonadism and postmenopausal substitution therapy, drugs for gynecological cancers and breast cancer), Urology and andrology drugs (drugs for urine retention/ incontinence, drugs for erectile dysfunction, drugs for benign prostate hyperplasia, drugs for andrological cancers), Drugs affecting bone mineral homeostasis.

Biopathology (MD1074) 1 ECTS
The objectives of the course are the preliminary contact of the student with the wide range of applied laboratory medicine, as practiced in our country within the limits of the medical specialty of Medical Biopathology. The aim is to familiarize and understand the potential of laboratory approach to diagnosis and monitoring, at least of the main clinical situations, as well as the important contribution of the medical laboratory to the identification and documentation of the disease and the therapeutic intervention. Also, to show the need for rational use and good practice, as well as for continuous evaluation of laboratory results and applied procedures.

Systemic Pathology (MD1075) 2 ECTS
Study of the morphological changes that develop in tissues and organs by system, as well as epidemiological data, pathogenetic mechanisms, predictive and prognostic factors for pathologic conditions and neoplasms. Hematopoietic and lymphatic system, Upper respiratory system and Lungs, Heart, Kidneys and lower urinary tract, Oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, Liver and biliary tract, Pancreas, Male genital system, Female genital system, Breasts, Endocrine system, Musculoskeletal system, Skin, Nervous system.

Radiology-Nuclear Medicine (MD1076) 1 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic indications, advantages and disadvantages of the diagnostic and interventional imaging techniques in reference to system/organ pathologies. Understanding of the principles of images interpretation. Knowledge of the typical imaging findings from the various imaging modalities (radiography, ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and Nuclear Medicine techniques) of the most common diseases (on a system/organ basis). Apprehension of the role of imaging diagnostic algorithms in the era of precision medicine.

Clinical Immunology (MD1065) 3 ECTS
Principles of basic immunology. Mechanisms of the immune response in the main immunologic disease groups. Description of the most important laboratory techniques in the evaluation and disease diagnosis.

Geriatrics (MD1066) 3 ECTS
Following successful completion of the module, students will be able to understand and seek multimorbidity in elderly patients, understand and trace the most common pathologies in elderly patients, understand that elderly persons’ health beyond pathology also relies on multiple social, psychological, emotional, environmental and financial parameters, perform a comprehensive geriatric assessment of an elderly person, draw an detailed pharmaceutic history from an elderly person and seek potentially inappropriate medications for the specific patient based on Beers criteria.

Clinical Pharmacology (MD1067) 2 ECTS
Upon successfully completing the course, students will be able to understand the role of the Clinical Pharmacologist in research, teaching, consultation and regulatory authorities, understand the principles of pre-marketing trials (Clinical trials phase I, II,III) and post-marketing trials (phase IV), prescribe rationally using evidence based medicine, customize dose in patients with liver and renal insufficiency, understand the differences of drug treatment in special patients population (pregnant, children elderly), in comorbidities and polypharmacy, understand the principles of pharmacoepidemiology, understand the value of pharmacovigilance, drug safety and patient safety Use the basic principles of Pharmacology to acquire a working knowledge of the properties of individual drugs to be learned in Systemic Pharmacology, complete the yellow card scheme, understand the principles of pharmacoeconomics, understand the principles of Health Technology Assessment.

Clinical Nutrition (MD1068) 2 ECTS
Translation of nutrition science to clinical practice
The importance of interpersonal collaboration with nutrition professionals in medical education, energy metabolism—calculating basal energy expenditure, body composition, nutrition assessment—BMI, weight gain/loss, nutrient deficiencies, outpatient and inpatient nutrition management—medical nutrition, therapy for acute and chronic disease, critical care—enteral and parenteral nutrition. Topics include the impact of nutrient deficiencies on anemia and other diseases, role of nutrition in chronic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis celiac disease, obesity, etc), enteral and parenteral nutrition, eating disorders, bariatric surgery, and common diets (e.g. Mediterranean diet).

Paediatrics I (MD1069) 8 ECTS
The aim of the course is to familiarize students with the pediatric patient. This objective is accomplished by the following knowledge and skills: medical history taking from pediatric patients / guardians, physical examination of newborns, physical examination of infants/ toddlers, physical development of infants/children (percentiles of body weight, length-height, head circumference), normal values and significance of usual laboratory tests, common antibiotics, vaccines – vaccination scheme of infants, toddlers, importance of common clinical symptoms and signs (cough, dyspnea, vomiting, diarrhea, pain, crying, convulsions, hematuria, edema, anemia, jaundice), nutrition of infants, psychomotor development of infants/ toddler
nursing care of newborns/ infants/children – social pediatric practice.

Neonatology (MD1070) 3 ECTS
The aim of the Neonatology course is to educate medical student on the standard care of the normal newborn as well as of the preterm and severely ill neonate. Moreover, student should aquaint basic knowledge on neonatal resuscitation and learn how to recognize major neonatal problems. The course contents include medical history and clinical examination, transition to extrauterine life, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, stabilization and transport of the neonate, problems associated with prematurity, small for gestational age infants, large for gestational age infants-neonates of diabetic mother, neonatal encephalopathy, respiratory problems of the preterm and term neonate, congenital and perinatal infections, hematologic and metabolic disorders of the neonate, gastrointestinal problems of the neonate, hyperbilirubinemia, neonatal cholestasis, mechanical ventilation, neonatal seizures, brain injury in preterm infants, neonatal infections, long-term consequences of prematurity.

Adolescence Medicine (MD1071) 2 ECTS
The training program in Adolescent Medicine includes the following sections: Physiology of puberty, growth, behavior and developmental periods of the adolescent, protocols for preventive medicine and medical services for the adolescent population, medical interview for adolescents, acronym HEEADSSS (Home-Living Conditions, Education, Employment-Work, Activities, Drugs-Substances, Sexuality, Suicide / Depression, Safety), legal and ethical issues, including confidentiality, adolescent gynecology, issues of reproductive health and contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, common acne, nutrition in adolescence, obesity, food intake disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa), chronic Disease in Adolescence and the Transition to Adult Health Services, mental disturbances in adolescence, school and learning problems, attention disorders, high-risk behaviors (use and abuse of substances, tobacco alcohol, etc.), internet, social media and mass media.

Paediatric Surgery (MD1072) 3 ECTS
Recognize and respect the particular emotional and ethical issues relating to the care of sick children. Understand that although the fundamental principles of children’s surgical care are the same as those governing older people, there are also important differences that need to be taken into account, especially when it comes to neonates and infants. These mainly concern physiology and anatomy issues. It is extremely important to understand that many pediatric surgical problems are more appropriately addressed where there are special pediatric facilities that provide expertise not only in surgery but also in anesthesia, intensive care, diagnostic imaging, laboratory support and nursing care. Be aware of the pathology and symptomatology of major and more frequent surgical conditions of neonates and older children. Be able to take history, family history, conduct clinical examination and perform targeted laboratory investigation of the cases. Be able to draw up a list of differential diagnosis and then propose further investigation in order to narrow the list of differential diagnosis. Also to suggest a way of dealing with the patient, knowing which treatment options are available, including non-surgical. Assess whether the patient can be treated in the context of primary care, or should be referred to a specialized center, urgently or in due time. Be able to respond to the patient’s immediate needs, with appropriate handling, administration of water, electrolytes, drugs, either in the context of preoperative optimization, or in case of urgency.

Pharmacology (MD1073) 1 ECTS
Biopharmacuticals, advanced therapy medicinal products, Principles of perinatal and pediatric pharmacology, Principles of geriatric pharmacology.

Biopathology (MD1074) 1 ECTS
The objectives of the course are the preliminary contact of the student with the wide range of applied laboratory medicine, as practiced in our country within the limits of the medical specialty of Medical Biopathology. The aim is to familiarize and understand the potential of laboratory approach to diagnosis and monitoring, at least of the main clinical situations, as well as the important contribution of the medical laboratory to the identification and documentation of the disease and the therapeutic intervention. Also, to show the need for rational use and good practice, as well as for continuous evaluation of laboratory results and applied procedures.

Systemic Pathology (MD1075) 1 ECTS
Study of the morphological changes that develop in tissues and organs by system, as well as epidemiological data, pathogenetic mechanisms, predictive and prognostic factors for pathologic conditions and neoplasms. Hematopoietic and lymphatic system, Upper respiratory system and Lungs, Heart, Kidneys and lower urinary tract, Oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, Liver and biliary tract, Pancreas, Male genital system, Female genital system, Breasts, Endocrine system, Musculoskeletal system, Skin, Nervous system.

Radiology-Nuclear Medicine (MD1076) 1 ECTS
Familiarity with the basic indications, advantages and disadvantages of the diagnostic and interventional imaging techniques in reference to system/organ pathologies. Understanding of the principles of images interpretation. Knowledge of the typical imaging findings from the various imaging modalities (radiography, ultrasonography, CT, MRI, and Nuclear Medicine techniques) of the most common diseases (on a system/organ basis). Apprehension of the role of imaging diagnostic algorithms in the era of precision medicine.

Internal Medicine II (MD1077) 18 ECTS
Duties and responsibilities assigned to students, who should apply knowledge in practice, retrieve, analyse and synthesise data and information, with the use of necessary technologies, adapt to new situations, make decisions, work autonomously or in teams, work in an international context, work in an interdisciplinary team, generate new research ideas, design and manage projects, appreciate diversity and multiculturality, respect natural environment, demonstrate social, professional and ethical commitment and sensitivity to gender issues, be critical and self-critical, advance free, creative and causative thinking.

Surgery II (and Neurosurgery) (MD1078) 18 ECTS
Duties and responsibilities assigned to students, and also the role that is expected to take are almost similar to those of a First Year Medical Student. However, they are not completely the same. All student activities must be under the strict guidance of specific trainers, with whom they will cooperate closely. The proposals of the students related to the diagnosis, medical and nursing instructions and treatment of surgical patients are expected, encouraged and are welcome from all the medical and nursing staff. However, for educational, patient’s safety and legal reasons, the above actions are the sole responsibility and liability of the medical and nursing staff. We must emphasize that nurses and doctors are working closely and as a team. As part of the education of students, the nursing staff provides invaluable work and we hope that the cooperation of students will be expected to be perfect in every respect. Undoubtedly, the successful treatment of surgical patients requires, inter alia, sincere understanding, sympathy and love towards them. Medical students in order a) to be able to gain patient’s confidence, especially those with whom they come into contact for the first time and b) elicit the necessary diagnostic information related to the physical, mental and social wellness, they must take the patient’s medical history and perform clinical examination with particular delicacy and politeness, respecting human dignity and medical confidentiality. Always remember that each patient has his own personality, which under the influence of his illness, pain, fear and entering the hospital environment can be externalized with multifaceted aspects.

Paediatrics II (MD1079) 9 ECTS
Throughout his/her studies in pediatrics, each student should acquire and use knowledge regarding mechanisms and disorders of growth and development, variations of the range of normal values of laboratory findings in pediatrics and clinical manifestations of a disease.
Medical history taking from the patient / guardian conducting physical examination (infant – toddler- school-aged child – adolescent), create a written data file including medical history and findings on physical examination (medical record), ability to create an oral presentation of the main points of a patient’s medical history in chronological order and a summary of findings on physical examination. Recognition of medical problems during medical history taking and physical examination recognition of diseases presenting with common symptoms (eg, fever, vomiting, irritability or fever and refusal to walk or pallor and petechiae etc). Recognition and evaluation of acute and urgent pediatric problems. Prescription of medications adapted to pediatric patients.

Obstetrics – Gynaecology II (MD1080) 4 ECTS
The medical students have to acquire the essential knowledge on basic issuers of General Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fetal-Maternal Medicine, Assisted Reproduction, Gynecologic Oncology and Urogynecology in order to be capable to identify, diagnose and provide treatment to women with relevant medical conditions and moreover to take appropriate action in cases of pregnant women towards the management of pregnancy and puerperium.

Neurology II (MD1081) 3 ECTS
After the completion of lectures and clinical training students are expected to hav a good deal of ability in eliciting a focused neuroogical history, performing an accurate neurological examination, localizing a lesion and identifying the significance of neurological findings on
Examination, developing a practical approach for the evaluation, differential diagnosis and
management of a neurological disease.

Psychiatry II (MD1082) 3 ECTS
Clinical training emphasizing in the detection, differential diagnosis and the final diagnosis of mental disorders, appropriate patient-doctor communication, understanding of therapeutic and prognostical issues and, finally, the significance of the prevention of mental disorders.

Primary Care Medicine & General Medicine (MD1083) 5 ECTS
The course focuses on the following items: 1. Social Medicine: Knowledge and Skills of Social Medicine needed in primary care and general practice. 2. Planning and organization of health services: Information technology and management principles of the health center services. 3. Clinical Skills: Clinical skills in primary care, focusing on the ability to distinguish patients who need hospital care and those treated at home and health center, basic emergency medical operations, access to diagnostic and treatment of the most common acute and chronic diseases in the community home. Team 4. Health: The interdisciplinary health team (definitions – Role distinction), multidisciplinary – interdisciplinary and interprofessional health care of the population. 5. Interface between Primary Health Care: Joint management of the problems of chronic sickness-ture (shared care) among doctors of General Medicine and doctors hospital specialties, referrals and referral decision. 6. Contact: doctor-patient relationship, communication with patients, family, and community agencies. 7. Professional attitude and scientific ethics: Code of Medical Ethics, analysis anthropocentric character of medicine, continuing education and self-education.

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